Autism & PDA

Autism

Some tips to help to support learning for a child with Autism:

  • Use visual timetables, now and then boards (check the tools page)

  • Give visual instruction - children learn by seeing

  • Give time for a child to process what you have said, keep instructions clear and repeat

  • Be creative - tap into their interested e.g. Minecraft maths 

  • Give lots of movement breaks, develop a sensory diet that works for you (see sensory and well being sections)

  • Be calm patient and don't shout 

  • Be flexible what works one day may not work the next

  • Use social stories to talk about the changes

  • Give warnings and count downs before moving onto something new

  • Have a calm place to withdraw if it get to much 

  • Understand your child's sensory issues and triggers

PDA

Some tips to help to support learning for a child with PDA:

  • Reduce demands

  • Ignore extreme behaviour, just carry on as if nothing is happening

  • Give clear reasons for non negotiable boundaries 

  • Use negotiation, collaboration and flexibility

  • Use indirect commands such e.g. Maybe we could, lets investigate

  • Don't use terms such as you have to, you need to 

  • Get them to teach - can you help me? will you show me? 

  • Have quiet zones and relaxation techniques

  • Offer controlled choices e.g. shall we do English or Maths first? 

  • Use social stories to talk about changes

  • Use visual timetables, now and then boards (check the tools page)

  • Use puzzles and mysteries to keep them interested, tap into their interests

  • Avoid confrontation

  • Be flexible what works one day might not work the next

 

©  The Learners Trust.  Created by Fleur Roseblade, Brookfield Primary School